Do you know the Transportation and the History of air transportation?


Transportation is an important factor for the social and economic development of any region or country via big machines. It is very difficult to imagine any society without any mode of transportation. The economic development of the nation links its direct benefits with the efficient system of transportation services. The basic function that the transport system performs is by carrying passengers and goods from one place to another. No region or country can develop if it lacks the transport facilities. In India, transportation means in Hindi is parivehan.

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Concerning the transportation of goods, they must cost the minimum and are available when and where wanted. The low cost of production, the time and place of utility are greatly influenced by a transport network. If for the process of manufacturing, it is required to bring the raw materials from far off distances to the factory site, with insufficient or inadequate transport systems, the cost of production would be high. The same concept would apply if the finished product needs a long time and distance to reach marketing centers. Thus in the total economic process, the transport need is deeply concerned. The various economic benefits from the public transportation system are listed below:

1)   Utilization of resources

2)  Regional specialization

3)  Savings in travel time

Other benefits are social, cultural, and political.

One of the greatest inventions in the present mankind has been the wheel. Early man’s chief occupation was the procurement of food, shelter, and then clothing. With the advent of civilization, the man felt more and more the need for the movement of individuals and the group. Such need or urge gave rise to the development of transport modes. Bridle paths and waterway raft movements trace back to the early known history of human beings. Egyptians were the first who developed the first real ship. Watt’s development of the steam engine in the seventeenth century gave rise to many efforts for developing steam propelled vehicles. A french man, Nicholas Joseph Gugnot, invented in 1770, the first self-propelled vehicle. Comparatively, air transport follows its origin to the nineteenth century.

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Benefits of Transportation Methods

Different modes of transportation

Land, water, and air have been used by mankind for developing transport modes like roadway, railway, waterway, and airway. In India railway has the priority of developments in the past, chiefly because it was one mode which helped mass transportation of goods and passengers. Besides all the facilities COVID-19 interrupts transportation worldwide. Railways and roadways in India and abroad compete for providing better transport facilities today. Waterways and air transportation for intercontinental movements.

Air transportation has a few distinct advantages as compared to other modes of transport. These are listed below:

1. Rapidity: Air transport maintains the highest speed. Designs are now finalized for supersonic jets which travel faster than sound.
2. Continuous journey: Air transportation mode is continuous over land and water without loss of time, unlike other modes of transport.
3. Accessibility: Air transportation has the unique ability to open up any region that is inaccessible by other means of transportation.
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Air Transportation Limitations

Air transportation has a few limitations as indicated below:

1) Operating expenses: The operating expenses are generally very high including the cost of air vehicles, traffic control systems, etc. Thus the freight charges are comparatively high. This mode of transportation accommodates very small travelers and cargo which have to bear high expenses for the unit weight. 
2) Capacity: The weight carrying capacity of aircraft is the lowest amongst other carriers of transportation. Heavy articles of low grade can not be carried.
3) Weather conditions: The weather conditions greatly affect the operation of air transportation. Foggy days are not convenient for the landing and take-off operations of aircraft.
4  Flight rules: Air transport is more beneficial for international travel, as such certain laws concerning international aviation have to be observed. ICAO is one body that develops standards and laws for international flights.
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History of Air Transportation

History of air transportation :

Roger bacon was the first man who studied the flight of birds and made a prophecy in 1266 that the source of energy for the flight can be derived from the fire. It can well be imagined that human beings must be dreaming of flights like birds from the very beginning. The experiments started with flights in balloons. The first flight was made on December 17, 1903, by a bicycle repairman, Orville Wright, is a power-driven aircraft that was heavier than the air. He propelled himself through the air a distance of 36m near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, U.S.A.

During the world war 1914 -18, Zeppelin airplanes were freely used by Germans for passenger transport. In the U.S.A. long-distance, airmail service was first introduced in May 1918 between Washington and New York. The first international air service started in 1918 between Toulouse and Barcelona in France. London Paris service commenced in 1919. In 1927, Lindburg made his first solo flight between New York to Paris. Airport transportation is low these days due to the corona Virus.

The first jet flight was made on August 27, 1939, in Germany. The jet aircraft was manufactured by Heinkel Aircraft Company in Germany.ICAO was founded by 52 nations ‘ conferences held in Chicago in 1944. The headquarters of ICAO is in Montreal, Canada, and it serves all the nations as an agency to promote international aviation. So, this is all about transportation and the history of air transportation.