Indonesian government officials told palm oil companies on Monday that an export ban announced late last week would cover shipments of refined, bleached, deodorized (RBD) palm olein but not crude palm oil, two industry sources told Reuters.
Officials at the trade ministry and coordinating ministry of economic affairs did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Traders were caught by surprise by Friday’s announcement by President Joko Widodo that Indonesia, the world’s biggest palm oil producer, was halting exports of the edible oil from April 28, to ensure domestic food product availability.
Though an exemption of crude palm oil from the export curbs will be positive for global markets, the majority of Indonesia’s palm exports are in the form of processed oils and remain affected by the ban.
Global edible oil supplies were already choked by adverse weather and Russia’s invasion of major crop producer Ukraine, and now global consumers have no option but to pay top dollar for supplies at a time when global food inflation has soared to a record high.
Malaysian benchmark crude palm futures fell 2.09% after news that ban only cover RBD olein, having jumped nearly 7% to their highest in six weeks.
“The massive short covering fizzled out after hearing news that the ban only encompasses olein both bulk and packed from Indonesia,” said Paramalingam Supramaniam, director at Selangor-based brokerage Pelindung Bestari.
He said there were still concerns that crude palm oil would also be added to the list of banned products as it is raw material for RBD palm olein.
According to Refinitiv Eikon, Indonesia exported an average of roughly 620,000 tonnes per month of RBD in 2021, compared to an average of around 100,000 tonnes of crude palm oil. Top destinations included India and Pakistan and Spain.
The government’s move to control stubbornly high cooking oil prices caused a slump in shares of its biggest palm oil companies on Monday, while the rupiah headed currency falls in Asia. Dollar-denominated bonds issued by Indonesia’s government fell more than 1 cent to their lowest since the Spring 2020 Covid market rout.
According to data from Indonesia’s palm oil association (GAPKI) exports of processed CPO in 2021 stood at 25.7 million tonnes, or 75% of total exports of palm products. CPO exports were 2.74 million tonnes in 2021, or 7.98% of the shipments.
In January and February this year, processed CPO exports were 3.38 million tonnes or 79% of exports, while CPO exports were 90,000 tonnes, 2% of the total shipped.
Global prices of crude palm oil, which Indonesia uses for cooking oil, have surged to historic highs this year amid rising demand and weak output from top producers Indonesia and Malaysia, plus a move by Indonesia to restrict palm oil exports in January that was lifted in March.